Oral History Training

The Act of Ending in Interview Types

Just as a good start is one of the most important parts in oral history interview, how to finish the interview is also a formative and decisive one. Most of considerations and remarks about "good act of ending" is relevant in "serial interviews". A serial interview means an interview with a narrator during several follow-up sessions. The narrator, for example, recounts his memories completely for the interviewer during several meetings.

Importance of Narrator Tone in Implementation

In order to better understand meaning and tone of the narrator, the author must be precise in ordinary peoples conversation, speech, and dialogue. For example, when you go to Bazaar, be more careful to hear normal conversations and actions and verbal reactions of people that are going on; like a surprise reaction. In implementation, we must respect the narrators tone and expression, and be faithful to it. One of the advantages of bringing the narrators tone ...

Training of oral history

Guiding the interview process toward the main direction and in line with final goal

In the continuation of the collection of articles in the field of training in interviews with the articles "Good start", "Ethics in interviews", "Personality in interviews" and "Application of photos in interviews", we now deal with the guiding of the interview process toward the main direction and in line with the final goal.It is highly likely that for reasons such as the interviewer acting passively or asking inappropriate questions, the interviewer will gradually deviate from the main path ...

Oral history teaching

The Most Important Transcriptional Damage

One of the serious drawbacks of oral history is in the transcriptional phase, which is unfortunately considered insignificant. Sometimes, some people cooperate in group writing; The weakest member of the group is selected for transcription. The weakest member is a person who does not have a strong social presence, his/her time is limited, and does not have communication skills, enough literacy, and ability. It seems that this person is a marginalized one! While ...

Oral History Training

The First step in Compilation and Implementation

In the world of literature and art, writing styles, forms and types almost gets everything clear for the audience, and their boundaries are quite clear and different. For example, there is a book called religious book. When it is said this is a revelation book, it means no one thinks about its school whether it is realist or romantic, has a historicist or literal approach, whether it is poem or art; Therefore, ...

Oral History Teaching

Using Photos in Interviews and Memory Books

Following the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the articles "Good Start", "Ethics in the Interview" and "Characterization in the Interview", we now pay attention on to the topic of "Using photos in interviews and memory books." Photography is an independent art. Photos are usually published as photo books or displayed in galleries. The position of the photo has changed a lot over time. In the past, photography was dedicated to special occasions and such as pilgrimages, weddings, etc.

Oral history teaching

Characterization in Oral History

In the continuation of the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the article "a good start" and "ethics in the interview", we now turn to the topic of "characterization in the interview". Knowing the elements, techniques of writing or telling story and its similarities with writing memoir are valuable for interviewers. The characterization is common elements between writing memoir and story. The narrators personality can be ...

Oral History Training

Ethics in Interviewing

Following the articles in the field of "Interview Training", which began with "A good Start", now to the topic of "Ethics in Interviewing" is addressed. Sometimes the interviewer may face various ethical challenges during interviewing or later in transcribing, compiling, using the photos. These challenges are likely to occur at any stage of interviewing, so typically they would be very divers. In other words, each interview probably creates its own ethical issues and challenges, ...

Oral History Training

Early knowledge, before the beginning

Before addressing a "good start", it is better to pay some attention to the importance of "early knowledge of the narrator". Obviously, no sane person enters a subject or project without studying, but the interviewer may go to the narrator because of his high self-confidence, even without pre-writing his questions. Although high self-esteem and not relying on writing can be positive, it is sometimes also harmful.

Appreciate Oral History

On Thursday, October 22, 2020, the "Specialized Workshop on Oral History of Sacred Defense" was held by the Document Management Department of the General Directorate of Foundation for Preserving and Publishing Sacred Defense Works and Values of Khorasan Razavi and the Directorate of Preserving and Publishing Values of Women Participation in Sacred Defense with the presence of a group of people interested in working in this field at the General Office of ...
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Interesting to Read Memories of Politicians of the Pahlavi Era

Contemporary historians have shown more interest in the written memories of the time to better understanding historical events in Iranian contemporary era since the Qajar era onward. This interest has been shown itself more, especially, in relation to the greater recognition of the Pahlavi court, situation of political currents, relationship between political figures with the court, and historians and scholars have put review of remaining memories of this period on their agenda ...

A Look at the Book "Hajj Hamza"

Memories of Hajj Hamza Ghorbani
The interview and compilation of the book "Hajj Hamza" was conducted by Ruhollah Sharifi and its first edition was published and released in 2015 by the Foundation for Preservation of Sacred Defense Values, the Organization for Documents and Papers of Holy Defense in 344 pages and 2,000 copies with hardcover. What is interesting in first look at Hajj Hamza is desired design of cover and eye-catching layout of its text.
Review of the book "Dear Nemat"

Narration of the Life of Soqra Bustak, a Paramedic at the Martyr Kalantari Hospital in Andimeshk

The book "Dear Nemat" begins with a short note from Mrs. Soqra Bustak in the form of appreciation of the efforts and works of Oral History Office of martyr Javad Zivodari Andimeshk and dedication to all the wives of martyrs and veterans. Then, there is a preface of the publisher, followed by the introduction of the researcher and editor of the book, which talks about how to conduct interviews and research and editing ...

Memories of Sardar Sayyid Rahim Safavi of the Days of War

I who was in charge of commanding the Kurdistan Revolutionary Guard Corps until end of Mehr 1359 SH (October 1980); with the onset of war and critical situation of war zones, especially in Khuzestan region, after 34 days since the beginning of the war, ordered by Maj. Gen. Yousef Kolahdooz, deputy of chief commander of the Revolutionary Guards, we went to Khuzestan along with one hundred and a few IRGC brothers, ...