Importance of Narrator Tone in Implementation

In order to better understand meaning and tone of the narrator, the author must be precise in ordinary peoples conversation, speech, and dialogue. For example, when you go to Bazaar, be more careful to hear normal conversations and actions and verbal reactions of people that are going on; like a surprise reaction. In implementation, we must respect the narrators tone and expression, and be faithful to it. One of the advantages of bringing the narrators tone ...

Training of oral history

Guiding the interview process toward the main direction and in line with final goal

In the continuation of the collection of articles in the field of training in interviews with the articles "Good start", "Ethics in interviews", "Personality in interviews" and "Application of photos in interviews", we now deal with the guiding of the interview process toward the main direction and in line with the final goal.It is highly likely that for reasons such as the interviewer acting passively or asking inappropriate questions, the interviewer will gradually deviate from the main path ...

Oral history teaching

The Most Important Transcriptional Damage

One of the serious drawbacks of oral history is in the transcriptional phase, which is unfortunately considered insignificant. Sometimes, some people cooperate in group writing; The weakest member of the group is selected for transcription. The weakest member is a person who does not have a strong social presence, his/her time is limited, and does not have communication skills, enough literacy, and ability. It seems that this person is a marginalized one! While ...

Oral History Training

The First step in Compilation and Implementation

In the world of literature and art, writing styles, forms and types almost gets everything clear for the audience, and their boundaries are quite clear and different. For example, there is a book called religious book. When it is said this is a revelation book, it means no one thinks about its school whether it is realist or romantic, has a historicist or literal approach, whether it is poem or art; Therefore, ...

Oral History Teaching

Using Photos in Interviews and Memory Books

Following the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the articles "Good Start", "Ethics in the Interview" and "Characterization in the Interview", we now pay attention on to the topic of "Using photos in interviews and memory books." Photography is an independent art. Photos are usually published as photo books or displayed in galleries. The position of the photo has changed a lot over time. In the past, photography was dedicated to special occasions and such as pilgrimages, weddings, etc.

Oral history teaching

Characterization in Oral History

In the continuation of the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the article "a good start" and "ethics in the interview", we now turn to the topic of "characterization in the interview". Knowing the elements, techniques of writing or telling story and its similarities with writing memoir are valuable for interviewers. The characterization is common elements between writing memoir and story. The narrators personality can be ...

Oral History Training

Ethics in Interviewing

Following the articles in the field of "Interview Training", which began with "A good Start", now to the topic of "Ethics in Interviewing" is addressed. Sometimes the interviewer may face various ethical challenges during interviewing or later in transcribing, compiling, using the photos. These challenges are likely to occur at any stage of interviewing, so typically they would be very divers. In other words, each interview probably creates its own ethical issues and challenges, ...

Oral History Training

Early knowledge, before the beginning

Before addressing a "good start", it is better to pay some attention to the importance of "early knowledge of the narrator". Obviously, no sane person enters a subject or project without studying, but the interviewer may go to the narrator because of his high self-confidence, even without pre-writing his questions. Although high self-esteem and not relying on writing can be positive, it is sometimes also harmful.

Appreciate Oral History

On Thursday, October 22, 2020, the "Specialized Workshop on Oral History of Sacred Defense" was held by the Document Management Department of the General Directorate of Foundation for Preserving and Publishing Sacred Defense Works and Values of Khorasan Razavi and the Directorate of Preserving and Publishing Values of Women Participation in Sacred Defense with the presence of a group of people interested in working in this field at the General Office of ...

A weak compilation hides historical facts

The harms of transcribing the texts in oral history interview is one of the most important and serious issues in the field of compilation and writing; because it can hide part of the historical facts forever. What you are going to read is a short interview with Seyyed Ghasem Yahosseini, one of the well-known persons in the field of oral history, who give an overview on the harms of transcribing the texts of interviews.
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The Anniversary of Takeover of the U.S. Embassy

A Genuine Question

I do not forget the time when the young people had taken over the spy nest and there was a tumult — maybe less than a month had passed — and we had just come from Hajj. Mr. Hashemi, another person and I — whose I do not want to mention his name — went from Tehran to Qom to ask Imam they have finally been caught, what should we do with them now? Should they be kept, not keeping, what should we do?

A Part of Memoirs of a Soldier

The embankment where we were stationed led to the Khorramshahr asphalt road. For this reason, the Iraqis tried hard to recapture it. And finally, near at noon, they were able to settle in the embankment next to the asphalt road and shoot diagonally towards us from there. We had no choice but to retreat. Captain Barati, the battalion commander, ordered two kilometers behind to build an embankment for us to settle there.

Your Problem is Different / You Hinted Not to Hit More

One day, they came to me and said: “We want to take you to the prosecutors office so that the investigator will interrogate you.” We had been famous for the meetings we organized as the Anti-Baha’i Association. At that time, there were many people in Jahrom that worked in different jobs; Among other things, there was a sergeant major in Shahrbani (law enforcement force), who stood guard duty instead of the guard ...

Privacy and Its Niceties in Oral History

Privacy in the process of recording and publishing memories is an issue that has attracted attention of activists in this field and those interested in legal issues in recent years with the expansion of activities of memoirist individuals and groups. Oral history interviews include close and personal relationships between interviewers, narrators and their organizational sponsors. This relationship is important for all groups. Interviewers feel an obligation to the people who have allowed ...