Training of oral history

Guiding the interview process toward the main direction and in line with final goal

In the continuation of the collection of articles in the field of training in interviews with the articles "Good start", "Ethics in interviews", "Personality in interviews" and "Application of photos in interviews", we now deal with the guiding of the interview process toward the main direction and in line with the final goal.It is highly likely that for reasons such as the interviewer acting passively or asking inappropriate questions, the interviewer will gradually deviate from the main path ...

Oral history teaching

The Most Important Transcriptional Damage

One of the serious drawbacks of oral history is in the transcriptional phase, which is unfortunately considered insignificant. Sometimes, some people cooperate in group writing; The weakest member of the group is selected for transcription. The weakest member is a person who does not have a strong social presence, his/her time is limited, and does not have communication skills, enough literacy, and ability. It seems that this person is a marginalized one! While ...

Oral History Training

The First step in Compilation and Implementation

In the world of literature and art, writing styles, forms and types almost gets everything clear for the audience, and their boundaries are quite clear and different. For example, there is a book called religious book. When it is said this is a revelation book, it means no one thinks about its school whether it is realist or romantic, has a historicist or literal approach, whether it is poem or art; Therefore, ...

Oral History Teaching

Using Photos in Interviews and Memory Books

Following the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the articles "Good Start", "Ethics in the Interview" and "Characterization in the Interview", we now pay attention on to the topic of "Using photos in interviews and memory books." Photography is an independent art. Photos are usually published as photo books or displayed in galleries. The position of the photo has changed a lot over time. In the past, photography was dedicated to special occasions and such as pilgrimages, weddings, etc.

Oral history teaching

Characterization in Oral History

In the continuation of the series of articles in the field of "Training in Interview", which began with the article "a good start" and "ethics in the interview", we now turn to the topic of "characterization in the interview". Knowing the elements, techniques of writing or telling story and its similarities with writing memoir are valuable for interviewers. The characterization is common elements between writing memoir and story. The narrators personality can be ...

Oral History Training

Ethics in Interviewing

Following the articles in the field of "Interview Training", which began with "A good Start", now to the topic of "Ethics in Interviewing" is addressed. Sometimes the interviewer may face various ethical challenges during interviewing or later in transcribing, compiling, using the photos. These challenges are likely to occur at any stage of interviewing, so typically they would be very divers. In other words, each interview probably creates its own ethical issues and challenges, ...

Oral History Training

Early knowledge, before the beginning

Before addressing a "good start", it is better to pay some attention to the importance of "early knowledge of the narrator". Obviously, no sane person enters a subject or project without studying, but the interviewer may go to the narrator because of his high self-confidence, even without pre-writing his questions. Although high self-esteem and not relying on writing can be positive, it is sometimes also harmful.

Appreciate Oral History

On Thursday, October 22, 2020, the "Specialized Workshop on Oral History of Sacred Defense" was held by the Document Management Department of the General Directorate of Foundation for Preserving and Publishing Sacred Defense Works and Values of Khorasan Razavi and the Directorate of Preserving and Publishing Values of Women Participation in Sacred Defense with the presence of a group of people interested in working in this field at the General Office of ...

A weak compilation hides historical facts

The harms of transcribing the texts in oral history interview is one of the most important and serious issues in the field of compilation and writing; because it can hide part of the historical facts forever. What you are going to read is a short interview with Seyyed Ghasem Yahosseini, one of the well-known persons in the field of oral history, who give an overview on the harms of transcribing the texts of interviews.

The Necessity of Using Keywords for Oral History Sources (part II)

What are the characteristics of keywords?

In the previous part of this note, it was emphasized that the insertion of keyword is one of the necessities of writing any scientific and research text; that the texts of oral history are no exception. Keywords, words, or combinations are derived from text and are related to the main topic, which can be used to summarize the content of text and sub-tittles. In fact, keywords increase the speed and amount in usability of text.
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An Extract of Memories of Nosratollah Mahmoudzadeh

The Importance of Building Road in the War

Destiny of the operations were determined by the roads that Jahad [Sazandegi] (Jihad of Construction) would build in the up and downs of the region’s mountains; roads in which delivering troops, ammunition, supplies, and on the way back, delivering the wounded and martyrs in a 30 km distance determined consolidation of heights that were seized by Basij forces. Iraq had concentrated most of its power in the region on the Galan heights.
The Memory of Azam Al-Sadat Sajjadi Masoumi

Bow tie

When I was studying in Farhanaz Pahlavi middle School at the end of Hajbashi Street, I spent bitter days. At school, I was dressed differently because of my coat and long scarf. That is why I was always alone and had no friends. On the other hand, the teachers did not care about me and treated me badly. They put me at the end of the class and they did not call my name for class questions;
It was brought up in an interview with Seddiqa Mohammadi

Interview with the foster coach of the 80s and 90s

A Review of the Cultural Activities of Girls High Schools in Zarand city from Kerman in the Sixties
Seddiqa Mohammadi was born on 1963/May/10 in Zarand, Kerman. During the last years of the imperial rule, he participated in demonstrations with his family, and after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, he entered education as a teacher.
Book Review:

“History Watcher”

In the middle six months of 1981 (1360 SH), a group of the political office of IRGC headed to the fronts in order to record events which were related to commanding the war; some the narrators died a martyr. Sayyid Mohammad Eshaghi was one of those narrators who in the year 1980, after being active for a time in Rasht Basij, joined IRGC and after that he narrated the war for 4 years, he died a martyr in January 19, 1987.