The importance of auditory and visual memory in oral history

Hamid Ghazvini
Translated by: Fazel Shizrad

2019-09-11


All humans have had the experience of remembering forgotten memoirs by seeing a particular object or photo, or hearing someone's voice. Such cases are directly related to human visual and auditory memory.

Psychologists believe that humans usually memorize their memories with a sign, such as a place or a particular image. For this reason, everyone, at first, tries to visualize mentally observations of past events and then expresses memories.

Experience and study of psychologists have shown that people who close their eyes while they are remembering memories are more successful. Because when they closed eyes, the connection between the mind and outside environment is disconnected and one can more easily visualize mentally.

This type of memory is widely used to learn and recognize lessons and skills related to childhood and school or to assist the elderly and to treat and control some mental and neurodegenerative diseases.

Some people have good visual and auditory memory and remember a lot of information as soon as they see a picture or hear a related sound, but there are also some who have serious problems.

One of the tasks of oral history interviewer is to stimulate this type of memory with the aim of reviving the interviewee's memories by asking detailed questions. Naturally, this may be difficult because of the passage of time or people's age. Sometimes different photos are replaced by other ones in narrator's mind and cause him to be encountered with trouble. It is even possible that a defective or inaccurate picture of some situations may be mistaken in expressing memories.

Some measures can be instituted to enhance and refine the visual and auditory memory, while patience and observance of the narrator's physical and mental state. It is important to note that stimulation of auditory and visual memory is a slow and careful process and any acceleration will impair the process.

Some measures are as follows:

1. Looking at old pictures and documents.

2. Watching movies that are directly or indirectly related to the subject of interview. (Documentary or fiction).

3. Listening to audio files at the same time.

4. Listening to the songs and music of that era.

5. Visiting some old friends and relatives and people related to the subject of interview.

6. Visiting some ancient objects.

7. Accompanying the narrator and visiting the interview areas and locations.

8. Tracing related images, such as a drawing of prison's room or operational area.

9. Seeing or referring to symbols of same era as flags, banners, tablets, etc.

10. Reading and repeating popular songs of slogans at the same time.

 



 
Number of Visits: 46


Comments

 
Full Name:
Email:
Comment:
 
Necessities, Fields, and Research Topics

An Introduction on Oral History of Iranian Architecture

History is a great market included orders such as politics, society, religion, economics, culture and civilization. Any order can be crossed, but the market order and structure cannot be separated and disrupted. History should not and cannot be limited to political, social and economic history. The history of each nations culture and civilization also exhibits the political, social, religious and economic manifestations of that nation.
304th ‘Night of Memorials’-2

When I was in a dark room...

According to the Iranian Oral History website, the 304th ‘Night of Memorials of Holy Defense’ was held on Thursday evening, July 25, 2019 at the Sureh Hall of the Hozeh Honari. In this meeting, Bakhshali Alizadeh, Ibrahim Khodabandeh and Mohammad Mosaheb, related some of their memories of Mujahidin Khalq Organization and Mersad Operation. In the first part of this report you read the memoirs of Bakhshali Alizadeh.

Few Tips on Oral History Interviewing

History is collective incidents, events and past experiences, and the fate of each individual depends on it. Hence, this fundamental fact must be taken into account when collecting, recording and narrating it in various forms (written, non-written). The collective might be small (family, family, city, region) or large (ethnicity, race, nation, country). Thus, the term history embodies the meaning of the group and is the opposite of the individual and the individuality.
The head of military organization expresses

Army war veterans to become oral history interviewers

Iranian Oral History website – The Islamic Republic of Iran Army during the eight-year holy defense defended Iranian territory with all might from ground, air and sea, and has published many works in the areas of novel, narrative biographies, collection of memories, atlas of battles, war chronicles, and research books in order to keep and record this epic. Meanwhile, we miss oral history tangibly.