When to produce interview text? – 1

A challenging question for oral history scholars is when to produce or transcribe the interview recorded content? Is it to be done after the interview process is over or start parallel to the interview course? Undoubtedly, most responses will indicate that once the interview is complete and the audio text is transcribed and narrators consent is obtained over the transcription then editing and production of the written literature begins. In this approach, there are two distinct procedures: interview and production.

Photo & Oral History

In the past, historians were more likely to use the text and written documents, which changed considerably with the advent of oral history. For example, through oral history, information and new aspects of historical events were discovered for researchers that they had previously neglected. In the course of this process, in recent decades, pictures have been considered by some historians as one historical data. The important point is that an image can provide multiple data to the researcher.

Closed & Open Interviews

The first news interview in the new method was published in April 1836 in the New York Herald. The interviewer was a prominent journalists of the era and interviewee, was a man who had discovered the body of a murder victim. In the same decade, European journalists started conducting interviews to collect information to assess the relationship between industrial workers and their social network. This trend continued throughout the second half of the nineteenth century in various social sciences.

It is Released

Expert and Practical Manual of Style of Holy Defense Oral History

"Expert and Practical Manual of Style of Holy Defense Oral History" is title of a book that was produced and compiled in Documents and Papers Organization of Holy Defense. This book was published with 500 copies and 116 pages in octavo by Foundation for Preserving Relics and Publishing Values of Holy Defense in fall of 2017.

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 30 (Finale)

Archiving

The final phase in the oral history interview process is archiving the transcription and audio, video files and all other relevant documents. The objective is to preserve the interview and provide easy and quick user access. This phase requires detailed and applicable and cost-effective planning conducted by a specific method.

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 29

Transcription Control

One of the final steps in an interview is control of the audio and video file and its compatibility with the transcription. This step has to be conducted with outmost care since many users do not refer to the original file for various reasons and study the transcription. Hence, the transcription shall be precise and authentic.

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 28

Transcription

Once the interview is conducted then it has to be transcribed. The final goal of transcription is not to produce a final content but to write down the words of the narrator in the form of raw material to facilitate archiving and exploit. The following are to be considered in this effort:

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 27

Additional Questions

Once the interview is complete, the oral history scholar shall review the content and identify any ambiguities and weaknesses. Accordingly, additional questions shall be designed and recorded to conduct a complementary interview. As the name suggests, a complementary interview is not an individually independent interview but an attempt to complete the original interview conducted. At this stage, through studies and research of new information, more questions might emerge to the interviewer which shall be added to the previous questions.

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 26

Interview Report

Once the interview process is over, it is essential to draft a report on interview status and methodology; the report shall contain the data on idea emergence to narrator identification and contact and interview conduct which shall be archived as the background of the project and submit it to relevant organizations. This report shall be drafted by the interviewer and it is important to inform the project sponsors and beneficiaries.

Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 25

Ending the Interview

Oral history interview like any other activity has an ending. The ending is as important as its beginning. It is not an exaggeration to compare it with a musician who starts a piece in lento and then progresses to allegro and then back to lento at the end. In oral history interview, the beginning shall be slow in a natural pace to maintain its framework and assist the narrator in recalling memories.
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Recording Memories for Documentation Process of Evolution

Projects That Address Oral History of Universities

According to history of Kharazmi University -as the first university of Iran- history of establishment of university in Iran is about one hundred years. During this century, many universities were established before and after victory of Islamic Revolution of Iran, and have undergone a lot of historical, political, social and scientific ups and downs.
About Holy Defense History of The Army Navy

The War Documents of Sea

We talk very little about sea. This is a historical fact that whenever we made our development sea-centered was heyday of our countrys history and whenever we neglected sea was era of decline of our country. The fact is that countries that entered waters and acted wisely and seized seas are powerful countries today. Because of situating between the two depths of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea in the south and sea of ...
Oral History Interview & Importance – Part 30 (Finale)

Archiving

The final phase in the oral history interview process is archiving the transcription and audio, video files and all other relevant documents. The objective is to preserve the interview and provide easy and quick user access. This phase requires detailed and applicable and cost-effective planning conducted by a specific method.
Holding the Specialized Conference on Sacred Defense Oral History

We Have Less Than 1% of Sacred Defense Oral History

The specialized conference on oral history of Sacred Defense was held in the conference hall of National Archive Organization by Research and Training Circle of Sacred Defense Documents and Papers Organization and accompanied by NLAIs Institute of Documents on November 1, 2017. Invitees to this program were directors and experts of field of Sacred Defenses oral history in general directorates of Foundation for Preservation of Relics and Publishing Values of Holy Defense of coordinate provinces and organizations.