Defense of thesis "Investigating the role of interviewer in oral history"

Maryam Asadi Jafari
Translated by: Fazel Shirzad


The meeting of thesis

The defense meeting of thesis entitled "Investigating the role of interviewer in oral history, with an emphasis on interviewing 5 freedmen of sacred defense" written by Akram Shanasnai was held in Rabbani Hall, located at the Faculty of Literature and Humanities of Isfahan's University in 20th January 2019.

According to Iranian Oral History website, this thesis has been compiled with the guidance of Dr. Mostafa Pirmoradian and the advice of Dr. Asghar Foroughi Abri, and by the endeavor of Akram Shassnai, a graduate student in the field of Islamic Iran history. Dr. Morteza Nouraei and Dr. Mohsen Mohammadi Fesharaki were the judges of this thesis. After defending the thesis, Shassanai gained an excellent score.

In this research, researcher used the library data and oral history interviews to answer the main question of how interviewer plays role in oral history. And s/he get this hypotheses that the role of interviewer is the same as the historian's role in written history.

Accordingly, the interviewer, in addition to being familiar with the communicative skills and techniques of interview, must have scientific features in order to be able to cite external and internal critique of narrator and narration, and present a narration to be accepted reasonably and historically. It should also be noted that both interviewer and interviewee appear as historians.

In the thesis "Investigating the role of interviewer in oral history", the results of research in an interview with 5 freemen of sacred defense are used. In the fifth chapter of this thesis, Akram Shassanai explained do and don’ts of interview with the freemen as follows:

1. Interviewer should know the importance of his interview.

2. Interviewer should be a good listener for the disasters and grief of interviewee.

3. The interviewer should report the captivity as it was.

4. Interviewer should consider different prisoners' assessments of their captivity and activities.

5. Interviewer should consider the age, occupation and social and economic origin of prisoners before and after captivity from their perspective.

6. Interviewer should consider the illnesses and problems of prisoners during the interview.

7. Interviewer should study on the conditions of captivity and 22-tasking camps.

At the end of this chapter, the author concludes that the interviewer is both an archivist and an independent individual, play the role of a historian of oral history along with the interviewee; attending in interview and narration of history, with any motive and purpose, is the field of the capabilities and skills of interviewer, provided that s/he recognizes his / her role and accepts it so that s/he can handle the desired interview.

Number of Visits: 442


Full Name:
It Was Raised in an Interview with Ibrahim Afshar

Details of Oral History Project of Iranian Sport Press

Iranian Oral History Website: specialized sports newspapers and sports pages of news agencies are one of the most popular media, especially when it comes to football! Working in a newspaper or as a correspondent because of never-ending dynamism and excitement is filled with ups and downs and precious experiences for future reporters and an excuse to commemorate predecessors. In this regard, library, documentation center and oral history of the National Olympic Academy, ...

A belief though for the world

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful. I would like to welcome you all and acknowledge the good words I heard today. I met many dear friends. I would like to congratulate the narrators, as my sisters; the authors, as my sisters; the Art Division and Soureh Mehr Publication. They did a wonderful job. They spared no effort. This event was arranged with the efforts of Ms.
Typology of Oral History (1)

Basic Narrative & Pathology

Oral history seems to be easy to ignore. Particularly in extraction; in the field of compilation, we encounter texts that suffer many forms of problems. On the one hand, it is seen that the basis is a mere interview and extraction and editing that is lacking in priorities. Therefore, in spite of the efforts of the producer, the end result does not attract readers and specialists. The other part relates to oral ...

Verification in Documentation

Overview on the critical role of memoir typology in the trifecta theory of the book
What is verification/authentication? In discussing the matter, I intentionally, avoid the comparative realm of truth and reality; and I do not want this article to be tangled in the relativity of realism, which will be of no use. Hence, in defining verification/authentication, I shall apply the terminology of the concept and look at the issue from the audience point of view. The basic assumption in this concept is that the incident described in ...