About the documentary "Forty Thousand Children"

A Step toward Oral History of Red Crescent

Leila Karimi
Translated by: Fazel Shirzad


Documentary "Forty Thousand Children" with a narration of the loneliness of Iranian captives in Iraq, in the presence of Noorullah Nosrati, the director of this documentary, was shown in Dr. Parham's salon at the National Library and Achieve of Iran on Khordad 2, 1397(May 23, 2018).

According to Iranian Oral History website, this documentary is narrated in four episodes by showing moments and bitter memories of captivity in the prisons of Saddam’s Army. The documentary "Forty Thousand Children", produced in Iranian Red Crescent Society, won prize at the first Red Crescent Festival named "Conjoint Crescent" and was honored.

 At the beginning of meeting to watch and review of this documentary, which was held by Institute of Iran's National Library and Achieve, Noorullah Nosrati, director of documentary "Forty Thousand Children", referred to the neglected section of the holy defense culture, and added:" Despite historical dimensions and the ups and downs of eight years of holy defense – not only it was a huge event on a national level, but also on an international level- the subject of holy defense is not exhausted. Of course, many activities have been carried out by the Office of Resistance Literature and Art or Holy Defense Cinema Association, but, in my opinion, part of holy defense associated with the captives are in double suffering."



Nosrati called Iranian captives of Saddam’s imposed war as "The Hidden Bulwark of War", according one of the captives narrated. He added: "There is a more secretive history that has never been seen; it is the activities of Red Crescent Society that has been associated with captives and their families in a particular perspective, and its legal and organizational duty was to investigate the situation of Iranian captives in the camps of the Ba'ath regime of Iraq."

Nosrati referred to Red Crescent's motivation for making this documentary, and emphasized: "The special role of Red Crescent organization in sacred defense with its national dimension remains untold. This film was a response in the heart of larger and more obscure dilemmas of captives."

The director of the documentary "Forty Thousand Children" considered oral history as an impartial observer, and said:" Oral history narrated the dark parts of history. As an oral history activity, I made a documentary in the form of oral history and part of Red Crescent Organization using visual and audio tools to investigate the captives."

He did not consider any of plans and photos of the camps of the Ba'ath regime of Iraq reconstructed, and added: "The documentary is intended to be based on the Interactive Documentary format (communicative and documentary) of oral history and documentaries about the prisons and camps of Iraqi Ba'ath Army from French and Iraqi Television Archives. Different people talk about a historical event, and ultimately, an attempt was made to put forward all the views. There are lots of untold words about the captives, we took the first step and I'm glad that this documentary was broadcasted at the National Library and Achieve of Iran."

Following the speech of the director for the documentary "Forty Thousand Children", a six-minute documentary about the release of Khorramshahr which was made by the same director, was screened. In the part of this documentary film, one of the rescuers in Khorramshahr told a memory as follows:" One of our bitterest days was on Mehr 9th 1359(October 1st, 1980); there were wave of explosions from the earth, the sky, sea and from each side. It was one of my relief experience that we encountered with a wave of people and families. I thought that hospital was a safe place, we moved all of them to the hospital; unfortunately, the emergency unit of hospital was the first place shot by enemy; our causalities were heavy. We took people among palms near river, which was as a camouflage. Boats was the only thing that helped us at that moment. It was left by people on the bank of Karun[1]. When it was night, we put the boats together and built a bridge. This is a memory that nobody may have known, because no one looked at back. My duty was to help. Khorramshahr was fallen on the fourth day of Aban 1359(October 26th, 1980). When the news of the fall of Khorramshahr arrived at the camp, it became like Karbala[2] entirely. Khorramshahr no longer existed. It was hard to believe…"

Subsequently, the documentary "Forty Thousand Children" was broadcasted in four episodes for an hour. The first episode named "The Prison of Hajjaj[3]" narrated human rights violations by Ba'ath regime in the eyes of eyewitnesses. In this episode, Kamal Kharrazi, the current head of the campaign's headquarters in 1364(1985) said: "The representative of International Committee of Red Crescent visited all patients in clinic; most of them were suffering from fatal injuries and false therapies especially bone fractures of  hands and feet that was welded badly and caused bone infections. At the same meeting, 200 to 400 soldiers beat somebodies, who had been brought from another area to camp, with wickets and cables resulted in 80 injured and three martyrs, and Red Cross entered contest for death certificate that was issued by Iraqi government."

The second episode "Crescent Garden" depicted the captives and lost persons of Red Crescent Organization. In this episode, Behjat Afraz, the head of Office of Captives and Lost Persons, and Najmeh Hassanpour, the head of the Office of Search and Resettlement of Families at Red Crescent, told their memories about the captives’ and the lost captives’ families. Hassanpour remembers the days when the captives returned to Iran and the lost persons’ family took the photos of darlings in hand and said repeatedly: "You did not see my child and ..."

In the third episode named "White and Red Harbingers", some letters was exchanged between captives and their families, and Behjat added:" from the start of war to the great liberation, we exchanged about six million letters in the office."

In the fourth episode named "The Portrait of Mrs. Afraz" and it was about activities and personality of Behjat Afraz who was head of Captives and Lost Persons of Red Crescent. In this episode, Fariburz Khobnejad, who was one captives of sacred defence, said:" Mrs. Afraz was my mother and she had forty thousand children. She was called" The Mother of Captives" by Hajjagha Abutorabi." 



[1]It is Iran's most effluent and only navigable river

[2] Karbala is a city in central Iraq  in where imam Hussein (PBHM) and his comrades were martyred in 61 AH (October 10, 680 CE)

[3] Somebodies who traveled to Mecca to visit Kaaba

Number of Visits: 231


Full Name:
Discussed with Ali Tatri

Majlis Library Oral History Log

Oral history, a path to inform history
According to the Oral History Site, the Islamic Majlis with the chairs of elected representatives, has always been the key legislative body in Iran and has witnessed many historical upheavals. There have been many presented features in Baharestan , hence recording the oral history of the active figures in the Islamic Majlis before and after the Revolution has been critical for historical scholars.
Book Induction by the Translator

“Sarajevo Roses”

An Oral History Prose
“Sarajevo Roses: Towards Politics of Remembering” written by Azra Junuzović and translated by Mohammad Karimi was published by the Resistance Literature and Art Bureau and Soureh Mehr Publishing Company. The book was published in 1110 volumes structured in 213 pages in 2017. The book is about the mortar shell explosions in the streets of Sarajevo painted by the red color, as a symbol of Bosnian people blood. We interviewed the translator of the book, Mohammad Karimi to tell us more.

Application of subject-oriented oral history in local historiography

At present, thanks to two important events of the Islamic revolution and the Sacred Defense in our country, a significant number of individuals around this vast country are determined to play a role in recording and registering the events related to the two. The oral history experts can seize this opportunity to promote their products in this area qualitatively and quantitatively.

Narration of fellow fighting with Kaveh in "Javid Memories"

"Javid Memories" is the second book of "Oral History Collection of Commanders and Combatants of Khorasan Province" written by Alireza Miri. The interviews have also been conducted by Miri. It is the oral memoirs of Javid (Javad) Nezampour, the first commander of the Military Instruments of the Special Division of Martyrs during the Scared Defense from martyr Brigadier General Mahmoud Kaveh.