Oral History Interview & Importance Part 1

Oral History, Path to Cultural Dialogue

Hamid Qazvini
Translated by: Natalie Haghverdian

2017-04-19


Recording memories is a vital endeavor which is called “Oral History” in case conducted through active and targeted interviews.

In this method of historiography, isolated and marginalized social groups get involved in record of history and culture and define a new role and status for themselves; hence, oral history is perceived as a demographic method of historiography. In fact, the main and key characteristic of oral history is interaction with communities, groups, events and life style of ordinary people of which we have heard and read less. It might be said that oral history has a critical role in establishing dialogue between “communities” and the “general society”; a dialogue established be recitation and recording the history of various communities and events.

Also, culture and history of a nation includes all the elements from the lowest layers to the highest levels and various political, social, etc. groups. In such circumstances, the status of non-governmental or specialized institutions and centers is more pronounced; especially when they can afford to pursue their responsibilities free from any political affiliation or function and purely based on cultural objectives and provide opportunities to preserve the history and culture of a society.

Oral history, indeed, is a path for cultural dialogue between members of a society and shall have a crucial impact in political, social, economic and cultural arenas, especially in a society like Iran where oral culture is more prevalent than written culture. Involvement of the members of the society with their past and documentation of historical information while preserving history resolves some historical doubts and ambiguities.

On the other hand, this style of historiography opens new thematic domains and offers novel approaches to the researchers and due to its interdisciplinary nature affords to cover and elaborate cultural, social, economic and political aspects.

The other characteristic of this type of historiography is that the literature published in oral history domain has a smooth prose and establishes a close connection with the audience and is consequently more successful in attracting and interacting and impressing the audience. Obviously, the larger the number of oral history activists and literature means greater impact.

 

Individual or Subject

In a general overview we might categorize the thematic domains of oral history into two categories of “individual oriented” and “subject oriented”. In the first form, the narrator(s) life is studied and effort is made to receive his/her memories and experiences in different periods of time and concerning various events. Books on memoirs of revolutionary characters and commanders in the Holy Defense and scientific features are examples of this category.

In the other group, scholars of oral history, consider recording memories concerning a specific subject. In this domain subjects such as Holy Defense Operations, important events during the Revolution, shooting in a Revolutionary Institution and others are to be stated.

Each category is important in its own right and there are similarities and differences which will be discussed in future notes.

 



 
Number of Visits: 434


Comments

 
Full Name:
Email:
Comment:
 
Oral History Interview & Importance Part 21

New Questions

Obviously, the questions shall not remain limited to the list and during the interview the interviewer shall come across new questions and issues for which he has to raise questions to achieve further elaboration and clarity. These questions are based on the narrators story and rise through careful detection of his speech. Also, by asking new questions and expressing points which further elaborate what the narrator has said the research will demonstrate interest into the story which will encourage the narrator to share more.
Analyzing Situation of Oral History and Memories of Sacred Defense

Talk about the Most Popular Part of History

According to Oral History Website of Iran, the professional meeting of situation of Sacred Defenses memories in cultural, social perspectives and various fields of Islamic civilizing was held in presence of Hedayatollah Behboodi, Seyyed Mohammad Mirkazemi, Amir-Shahriar Aminian, Mohammad-Reza Kaeini and Nosratollah Samadzadeh in Fars News Agency on Tuesday, August 29, 2017.
The 20th meeting of “Oral History of Book” hosted by Head of Zavvar Publications

Hardships of continuing father’s career

According to the website of Iranian Oral History, the 20th meeting out of the second round of the meetings “Oral History of Book” organized by Nasrollah Haddadi, author and researcher was held on Monday morning 28th of August 2017 in the Institute for Book House. The meeting was attended by Ali Zavvar, the Head of Zavvar Publications.
About One of Quran Sessions of Past Decades in Arak

A Completely Traditional Style

Mohammad Rahim Biraqi, a Quran activist of Markazi province, has been resident for a few years in Tehran. He was an active participant both in formal and classical sessions of Quran in Arak and in traditional sessions, and is a teacher of Holy Quran in university. I interviewed with him about a Quran meeting in Arak, and especially on the late Professor Mohammad Hassan Nahrmiani. The late Professor Nahrmiani was one of the renowned professors of Holy Quran in Arak