The Necessity of Using Keywords for Oral History Sources (Part I)

Hamid Qazvini
Translated by: Fazel Shirzad

2020-05-26


One of the necessities of writing any scientific and research text is to prepare and insert keywords.

Keywords are words or phrases that are derived from text and are related to the main topic, and by considering them, one can understand the content of the text briefly. In fact, keywords are the titles of minor issue that increase the speed and amount of utilization of text.

Keywords also help to standardize texts in databases and cyberspace, and facilitate availability of texts for readers.

Accordingly, the insertion of keywords in the margins of oral history interviews, like any other research work, is a scientific and professional necessity.

In recent years, as the number of institutions and activists in oral history and the diversity of historiographical projects increased, we are faced with a large volume of oral sources, some of which have been archived without keywords or with incomplete and inaccurate keywords. This situation has caused the utilization of the mentioned resources to be faced with serious obstacles and difficulties.

Various assumptions have been made about the reasons for this situation, including the lack of research prospects, lack of knowledge of the dimensions and details of work, lack of financial resources, and political and security classifications.

However, as time passed and the volume of interviews and the diversity of historical data increased, the necessity of using resources has become clearer, and since it is not possible to study all the works, it is necessary to understand the sources by studying the keywords.

Obviously, after transcribing an interview, the keywords of oral history sources are selected by interviewer during the first edition. Of course, some institutions require colleagues to select keywords from the same list by providing a list of thematic words and thematic combinations, which is effective in facilitating the work. However, in some cases, the keywords will be longer than the previous list due to discussions outside of the main topics.

The important point in preparing the keywords of oral resources is that the insertion of general and universal words should be avoided. For example, the titles "Oral History", "Memory", "Islamic Revolution" and "Sacred Defense" cannot be used. Keywords should be as an overseer of details of the text, such as "Qasr Prison," "Printing the Declaration," "Operation Fath Al-Mubin," or "Mosul Camp."

The number of keywords in each interview should not exceed five to seven, unless in exceptional cases, otherwise it will damage the structure of text and how to utilize it.

 

To be continued…



 
Number of Visits: 1865


Comments

 
Full Name:
Email:
Comment:
 
The Fourth Online Meeting of Iranian Oral History

Iranian Oral History beyond Borders – 2

Dr. Abolfazl Hasanabadi, Dr. Morteza Rasouli Pour, and Dr. Abolhasani participated in the fourth meeting out of the series of meetings on oral history in Iran held online on Saturday 11th of Dey 1400 (January 1, 2022) hosted by Mrs. Mosafa. In the meeting set up in the History Hallway of the Clubhouse, they talked about “Iran’s Oral History beyond Borders”. In continuation of the meeting, the host asked ...
Interview with Brigadier General Farzollah Shahin-Rad

Ironman

We were supposed to experience a hot summer day at seven oclock in the afternoon. I got to his house in ten minutes to seven, but I knew that working with the militant had special rules. One of them is punctuality. I went up and down the alley several times to meet this Ironman at his house. When I saw him from afar at military conferences, his sense of toughness was evident in demeanor.
Book Review:

"You Must Survive"!

Memoirs of Haj Ali Karami, Commander of the "Habib ibn Madhahir" Battalion of the 10th Martyrs Division. "The bullet was hit in the middle of the column. There was no wounded or martyred person; whatever there was, it was just amputated arms and amputated legs and torn pieces of bodies that had been piled up... Once, I saw the forces of the Basij forces staring at those scenes in astonishment. I swallowed saliva and shouted:

Book review: Resolute for Three shifts

Memoirs of Hamid Kamranzadeh
The books title and the image of a desk watch, in a not-so-complex harmony, create an expressive and meaningful design that adorns the cover of " Resolute for Three shifts ". The book begins with a short text from the narrators handwriting, which, while introducing the work and pointing out how it was emerged, also mentions the involved people. Then, the following subjects have been included respectively: