Narrator and Narration

27 August 2008

Narrator and Narration

After a long delay, the 22th issue (autumn 2007) of "Negine Iran", a quarterly about Iran – Iraq war, was published under the title of narrator and narration. Its editor in chief is Mr. Mohammad Doroudian and the managing editor is Mr. Hossein Ardestani. This issue is published in 160 pages and with the price of 700 toumans(about 80 cents).
 In a section of his editorial, Mr. Doroudian pointed to "The Change in the Narration of War; backgrounds and effective causes" and said that great events like war and revolution have always been subject to different discussions and narrations in different times. Appling new approach and language in narration, according to new subjects and dimensions, reveals the change in the nature of narrations and emerging of new narrations.
 Doubtlessly, old perceptions of war will be changed by new perceptions. But it needs investigation to declare the extent to which these new perceptions and narrations are in the way of evolution and conform to facts of war.
 "Memoir Telling, a Kind of War Narration" was the subject of discussion between Mr. Ahad |Goudarziani, Mr. Mohammad Doroudian, Mr. Mortaza Sarhangi and Mr. Hedayatollah Behboudi. In this course, Mr. Behboudi said: for narration of war, publications by the center of war studies and researches are like "Body" and publications by the bureau for literature and resistance art are like "Soul" and "Heart".
 As Sarhangi believes, because our war was a defensive war, it has a popular nature.So all the war didn't happen in military stations. All the war wasn’t in control of our commanders, nor about our warriors. Even some pieces of war are in our enemy's hand. We devided this issue into three sides of a triangle: memoirs of warriors, memoirs of Iranian prisoners of war, memoirs of Iraqi prisoners of war. If we construct this triangle, we can approach to the true narrations of war.
 Doroudian has the view that the war is a life by itself, as peace is. Every society fights the way that lives and vice versa. It means the defensive wisdom of any nation is correlated to their viewpoint of life. He decisively says that our experienced war was also related to wars we have had before and rules people played in, and it will be true for future.
 To answer the question "What is the nature of war", Goudarziani said: human are prior for me. I mean their name and construction of personality and the identity they establish in my mind. And the next is their specific living environment. Information we earn from war is not as perfect as our knowledge of people engaged in e.g. I understand where "Shalamche" was, and clearly distinguish its positions but it is not precise.
 In Articles, "Psychological Basis of War" by Robert E. Hind says that psychology has helped us to understand war, with variety of approaches. Although the main part of psychological investigations have been concentrated on methods and performance of war, this article is reviewing approaches which psychology used them to initiate techniques that make war, despite of its panics, be acceptable for its participants. In this article, agents involving in fury were described within three complicated social levels.
 When we are talking about group anger, we find less importance for personal quarrelsome in ethnic, religious and organized wars where the progress of group and organization has more importance.
 Factors which support war as a custom are: daily intriguing causes, books, films, broad cultural factors, national costumes, and some applications of propagations, religion, military, science and industry.
 Ali Reza Kamary in "An Introduction to Symptomatology of Narration" hinted to this point that in lexicons, narration is meant as telling news, quotations, stories, events and retelling others' speeches and counted it as a branch of literary sciences. 
 "War as Narrated by a Commander" was the subject of a report of Iran – Iraq war by Mr. Mohsen Rezaee. As he wrote in a section of this report, Iraq had gained the superiority in ground and Iran had it in air, but as our airborne equipments was limited and America had refrained to deliver us spare parts, our  power in air combats gradually diminished and practically after 3 mounts Iraq gained superiority in air and ground. This superiority was to the extent that Iraq occupied more than 5 of our provinces.
 In another section of this quarterly, Mr. Rezaee's speech with the title of "Investigation in Holly Defence" is noteworthy.
 Mr. Amir Razzaq Zade in "Assessing Informational Needs and New Introduction to Historiographic Approaches in the Center for War Researches and Investigations" hinted to this point that clients are seeking to meet their informational needs according to different kinds of tendency. In this field, there is no harmony between processing and using informational sources, and also imposed limitations in availability of first hand and private documents for users and their inability to access easily to different sources of information of this center, are among the halting causes for users. In these cases, it is necessary to review the relation between the users need and sources of information in this center and harmonize them.
 The other articles are "An Introduction to Formation of Eight Years Historiography of Holly Defence in Army" by Brigadier general Mas'ud Bakhtiari, "Historiography of War and Challenges Ahead" by Mr. Fattah Gholami, "The Guiding Battle" by Dr. Hossein Ala'i which reviews the operation of Tariq-ol-qods and different viewpoints about it.
 Since this issue is focusing on narration and narrator,  With Narrators section (ba raviyan) in this issue, in contrary to previous ones – which mostly were devoted to distributing historical reports and documents – is concentrated on narrators and narrations themselves and following subjects are discussed:
- Improvisation: discussion about narrator and narration. The outcome of eight sessions of discussion held between new and old narrator of holly defense in which experiences were transferred between them and the issue of narrator and narration in the field of holly defense was reviewed. 
- Narration, considerations and injuries is the title of an article by Mr. Mohammad Janpour. Firstly, he expresses many of lateral phenomenons of war and reviews war narration with a pathological point of view. As the author believes, the nowadays analysis of war – specially the imposed war of Iraq against Iran – reflects the specific kind of narration and viewpoint of its narrators that has been distributed through society.
- "Narration and Different Views about War", the subject of the lesson of first chapter by Mr. Morteza Mostafavi.
- "Charter of Narration", the subject of lesson of second chapter of Haj hossein Yekta.
In addition, many of sources and centers that are dealing with oral-history inside the country and through out the world were introduced in this issue.

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